The Nightingale of India – Smt. Sarojini Naidu Muthyala Rare Photos. Smt. Sarojini Naidu Muthyala was born on February 13, 1879 at Hyderabad to the Aghornath Chattopadhyaya, Barada Sundari Devi. Sarojini Naidu, also known by the sobriquet The Nightingale of India, was a child prodigy, Indian independence activist and poet. Naidu was one of the framers of the Indian Constitution. Her education was held at King’s College London (1895 – 1898), University of Madras, Girton College, Cambridge, University of Edinburgh. Sarojini Naidu’s mother Barada Sundari Devi was a poetess baji and used to write poetry in Bengali. Sarojini Naidu was the eldest among the eight siblings. One of her brothers Birendranath was a revolutionary and her other brother Harindranath was a poet, dramatist, and actor.
She was proficient in Urdu, Telugu, English, Bengali, and Persian. At the age of twelve, Sarojini Naidu attained national fame when she topped the matriculation examination at Madras University. Sarojini Naidu was a brilliant student. Once she was working on an algebra problem, and when she couldn’t find the solution she decided to take a break, and in the same book she wrote her first inspired poetry. She got so enthused by this that she wrote “The Lady of the Lake”, a poem 1300 lines long. When her father saw that she was more interested in poetry than mathematics or science, he decided to encourage her. With her father’s support, she wrote the play “Maher Muneer” in the Persian language. Dr. Chattopadhyaya distributed some copies among his friends and sent one copy to the Nawab of Hyderabad. Reading a beautiful play written by a young girl, the Nizam was very impressed. The college gave her a scholarship to study abroad. At the age of 16 she got admitted to King’s College of England.
She depicted contemporary Indian life and events. Her collections “The golden threshold (1905)”, “The bird of time (1912)”, and “The broken wing (1912)” attracted huge Indian and English readership.
Sarojini Naidu’s Marriage life:
Her marriage was a very happy one. When she was staying in England, Sarojini met with Dr. Govindarajulu Naidu, He was a non-Brahmin and a doctor by profession, and fell in love with him. After finishing her studies at the age of 19, she got married to him. That time when inter-caste marriages were not allowed. Her father approved the marriage because he was a broad minded and never cares what other’s said. The couple sarojini and Govindarajulu had five children their name were Jayasurya, Padmaja, Randheer, Nilawar and Leelamani. Her daughter Padmaja followed in to her footprints and became the Governor of West Bengal. In 1961, she published a collection of poems entitled The Feather of The Dawn.
Sarojini Naidu’s Career life:
As an Indian Freedom Fighter she joined the Indian national movement in the wake of partition of Bengal in 1905. She came into contact with Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Rabindranath Tagore, Muhammad Ali Jinnah, Annie Besant, C. P. Ramaswami Iyer, Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru.
Her major contribution was also in the field of poetry. Her poetry had beautiful words that could also be sung. Soon she got recognition as the “Bul Bule Hind” when her collection of poems was published in 1905 under the title Golden Threshold. After that, she published two other collections of poems–The Bird of Time and The Broken Wings. In 1918, Feast of Youth was published. Later, The Magic Tree, The Wizard Mask and A Treasury of Poems were published. Her poems had English words, but an Indian soul.
She awakened the women of India and brought them out of the kitchen. She also helped to establish the Women’s Indian Association (WIA) in 1917. During 1915-1918, she traveled to different regions in India delivering lectures on social welfare, women empowerment and nationalism. She was sent to London along with Annie Besant, President of WIA, to present the case for the women’s vote to the Joint Select Committee.
In 1925, she chaired the summit of Congress in Kanpur. In 1928, she came to the USA with the message of the non-violence movement from Gandhiji. When in 1930, Gandhiji was arrested for a protest, she took the helms of his movement. In 1931, she participated in the Round Table Summit, along with Gandhiji and Pundit Malaviyaji. In 1942, she was arrested during the “Quit India” protest and stayed in jail for 21 months with Gandhiji. After independence she became the Governor of Uttar Pradesh. She was the first woman governor in India.
Sarojini Naidu’s famous publications:
The Golden Threshold, published in the United Kingdom,1905
The Bird of Time: Songs of Life, Death & the Spring, published in London, 1912
The Broken Wing: Songs of Love, Death and the Spring, including “The Gift of India” (first read in public in 1915), 1917
Muhammad Jinnah: An Ambassador of Unity, 1916
The Sceptred Flute: Songs of India, Allahabad: Kitabistan, posthumously published, 1943
The Feather of the Dawn, posthumously published, edited by her daughter, Padmaja Naidu, 1961
Sarojini Naidu’s Famous poems:
Famous Poems, Damayante to Nala in the Hour of Exile, Ecstasy, Indian Dancers, The Indian Gypsy, Indian Love-Song, Indian Weavers, In Salutation to the Eternal Peace, In the Forest, In the Bazaars of Hyderabad, Leili, Nightfall in the City of Hyderabad, Palanquin Bearers, The Pardah Nashin, Past and Future, The Queen’s Rival, The Royal Tombs of Golconda, The Snake-Charmer, Song of a Dream, The Soul’s Prayer, Suttee, To a Buddha Seated on a Lotus, To the God of Pain, Wandering Singers, Street Cries, Alabaster, Autumn Song, Bangle Sellers, coramandel fishers.
Sarojini Naidu’s famous Quotes
“Shall hope to prevail where clamorous hate is rife,
Shall sweet love prosper or high dreams have place
Amid the tumult of reverberant strife
‘Twixt ancient creeds, ‘twixt race and ancient race,
That mars the grave, glad purposes of life,
Leaving no refuge save thy succoring face?”
Naidu said, “When there is oppression, the only self-respecting thing is to rise and say this shall cease today, because my right is justice.”
She adds, “If you are stronger, you have to help the weaker boy or girl both in play and in the work.”
Sarojini Naidu’s Last words:
In 1949 she fell ill. Her physician came and gave her a sleeping pill for good sleep. She smiled and said “Not eternal sleep I hope”. But that night on March 2nd 1949 she died in her sleep.
How do you feel about my article… I also have some collection of Sarojini naidu’s rare photos, see below rare gallery: