Medieval historical City Bangalore, Karnataka, India Rare Photos. City Information (Bangalore, Bangaluru): Bangalore is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Karnataka. It is also called “Garden City” for its beautiful gardens, flowers and trees which flourish in each and every street. It is India’s fifth largest city and India’s fifth largest metropolitan area, with a 2001 population of about 6.5 million.
After India gained independence in 1947, Bangalore evolved into a manufacturing hub for heavy industries such as Hindustan Aeronautics Limited and Indian Space Research Organization. Within the last decade, the establishment and success of high technology firms in Bangalore have lead to the growth of Information Technology (IT) in India. IT firms in Bangalore employ about 30% of India’s pool of 1 million IT professionals.
The city is also the Training Center for the Indian Air Force, the Madras Engineering Group (MEG) and Central Military Police, the latter two being arms of the Indian Army.
Bangalore is the scientific hub of India and it has the world renowned and the oldest Research University, Indian Institute of Science. The other research institutes are the Indian Institute of Astrophysics, the Raman Research Institute, the Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, the National Center for Biological Science and the Indian Statistical Institute.
There are numerous gardens and historical sites within the city to keep you occupied. The Vidhan Soudha or the State Secretariat is the prime attraction. The Government Museum of Bangalore and the Visvesvaraya Technological and Industrial Museum are worth visiting. The Lal Bagh Botanical Gardens, which holds a number of flower shows, especially during the Republic Day attracts several tourists. The Fort and Palace of Tipu Sultan and Palace are other important places in Bangalore. You may pray at the temple dedicated to Nandi, the Bull besides the Venkataramanaswamy Temple, the Gavi Gangadhareswara Cave Temple and the Someshwara Temple. The Ulsoor Lake is an ideal spot for picnics.
Location of Bangalore
Location: 12.97° N 77.56° E
Altitude: 920 metres
Postal: 560 0xx
Vehicle:KA-01 to KA-05
Time zone:IST (UTC +5:30)
Bangalore is situated in the Deccan Plateau, with an average elevation of 920 m above sea level. Due to its elevation Bangalore enjoys a pleasant and equable climate throughout the year. The highest temperature recorded is 38.9 °C (102.0 °F) on May 22, 1935 and the lowest is 7.8 °C (46.06 °F) in 1884. Winter temperatures rarely drop below 12 °C (54 °F) and summer temperatures seldom exceed 38 °C (100 °F).
Bangalore receives about 900 mm of rain annually, the wettest months being September, October and May in that order. The summer heat is moderated by fairly frequent thunderstorms and occasional squalls cause power outages and local flooding. The heaviest rainfall recorded in a 24 hour period is 179.7 mm recorded on October 1, 1997. Most of the rainfall occurs during late afternoon/evening or night and rain before noon is infrequent. October of 2005 has been recorded as one of the wettest months in Bangalore with heavy rains causing some limited flooding and closure of a number of organisations for over a day.
Early and medieval history
Stone Age sediments found at Jalahalli, Sidhapura and Jadigenahalli, all of which are Bangalore’s outskirts today, suggest that Bangalore had human habitation in 4000 BCE. Around 1,000 BCE (Iron Age), burial grounds were established at Koramangala and Chikkajala on the outskirts of Bangalore. Coins of the Roman emperors Augustus, Tiberius, and Claudius found at Yeswanthpur and HAL indicate that Bangalore was involved in trans-oceanic trade with ancient civilisations in 27 BCE. The region of modern day Bangalore was part of several successive South Indian kingdoms. Between the fourth and the tenth centuries, the Bangalore region was ruled by the Western Ganga Dynasty of Karnataka, the first dynasty to set up effective control over the region. The Western Gangas ruled the region initially as a sovereign power (350 — 550), and later as feudatories of the Chalukyas of Badami, followed by the Rashtrakutas till the tenth century. The Begur Nageshwara Temple was built around 860, during the reign of the Western Ganga dynasty. At the end of the tenth century, the Cholas from Tamil Nadu began to penetrate in areas east of Bangalore; it later began to extend its control over parts of present-day Bangalore, such as Domlur on the eastern side of the city. Around 1004, during the reign of Rajendra Chola I, the Cholas defeated the Western Gangas, and captured Bangalore. During this period, the Bangalore region witnessed the migration of many groups – warriors, administrators, traders, artisans, pastorals, cultivators, and religious personnel from Tamil Nadu and other Kannada speaking regions. The Chokkanatha temple at Domlur, the Aigandapura complex near Hesaraghatta, Mukthi Natheshwara Temple at Binnamangala, Choleshwara Temple at Begur, Someshwara Temple at Madiwala, date from the Chola era.
In 1117, the Hoysala king Veera Ballala II defeated the Cholas in the Battle of Talakad in south Karnataka, and extended its rule over the region. With the collapse of the Cholas, especially after 1250, migrations from Andhra Pradesh began. By the end of the 13th century, Bangalore became a source of contention between two warring cousins, the Hoysala ruler Veera Ballala III of Halebidu and Ramanatha, who ruled from Tamil Nadu. Veera Ballala III had appointed a civic head at Hudi (now within Bangalore Municipal Corporation limits), thus promoting the village to the status of a town. After Veera Ballala III’s death in 1343, the next empire to rule the region was the Vijayanagara Empire, which itself saw the rise of four dynasties, the Sangamas (1336 – 1485), the Saluvas (1485 – 1491), the Tuluvas (1491 – 1565), and the Aravidu (1565 – 1646). During the reign of the Vijayanagara Empire, Achyuta Deva Raya of the Tuluva Dynasty raised the Shivasamudra Dam across the Arkavati river at Hesaraghatta, whose reservoir is the present city’s supply of regular piped water.