600Year Old Ellora Caves , Maharastra, Indian. The cave temples and monasteries at Ellora, excavated out of the vertical face of an escarpment, are 26 km north of Aurangabad. Extending in a linear arrangement, the 34 caves contain Buddhist Chaityas or halls of worship, and Viharas, or monasteries, Hindu and Jai temples.
Spanning a period of about 600 years between the 5 th and 11 th century AD, the earliest excavation here is of the Dhumar Lena (Cave 29).The most imposing excavation is, without doubt, that of the magnificent Kailasa Temple (Cave 16) which is the largest monolithic structure in the world. Interestingly, Ellora, unlike the site of Ajanta, was never ‘rediscovered’. Known as Verul in ancient times, it has continuously attracted pilgrims through the centuries to the present day.
Ellora has been designed as a World Heritage Site, to be preserved as an artistic legacy that will continue to inspire and enrich the lives of generations to come.
List of caves follows
- Buddhist Caves: 5 th century to 7 th century AD
- Caves 1 to 12 at the southern end
- Hindu Caves: 8 th century to 10 th century AD
- Caves 13 to 29 in the middle
- Jain Caves: 9 th century to 11 th century AD
- Caves 30 to 34 at the northern end