400 Years old Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India Rare Photos. yderabad holds 400 years of history. During the reign of Ashoka the Great, the area aroung the Hyderabad was ruled by the Mauryan Empire in the third century. he Sātavāhana Empire or Andhra Empire, was a royal Indian dynasty based from Dharanikota and Amaravati in Andhra Pradesh as well as Junnar (Pune) and Prathisthan (Paithan) in Maharashtra. The territory of the empire covered much of the Deccan plateau & central India for 450 years,i.e., from 230 BCE onward until around 220 CE. After the decline of the Satavahana Empire in 220 AD, the region came under the rule of the Andhra Ikshvaku dynasty (225 AD – 325 AD), the successors of the Satavahanas in the eastern Deccan.
The capital of Andhra Ikshvaku dynasty was the town of Nagarjunakonda in modern day Nalgonda district and named after Nagarjuna, a southern Indian master of Mahayana Buddhism who lived in the 2nd century AD, who is believed to have been responsible for the Buddhist activity in the area. he area was ruled by the Kalyani branch of the Chalukya kings. When the Chalukya kingdom became weaker, Kakatiyas, who were feudal chieftains of Chalukya, declared independence and setup their kingdom around Warangal.
The fall of Warangal to Muhammad bin Tughluq’s forces from the Delhi Sultanate in 1321 AD brought anarchy to the region. For the next few decades, the Bahmani Sultanate of the Deccan fought the Musunuri Nayakas on the north and the Vijayanagara Rayas on the south for control of the region. By the middle of the 15th century, the region was under the firm control of the Bahmani Sultanate which controlled the Deccan north of the Krishna River from coast to coast
In 1589, the 5th ruler of the Qutb Shah Dynasty, Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah constructed a new capital, moving the capital from Golconda to Hyderabad, From that time it maintained prosperity as the centre of the Qutb Shah Dynasty until the late 17th century. After the Mugalid emperor Aurangzeb conquered Golconda in 1687, Mecca Masjid were repaired and the city wall was built. After the 18th century it lived on as the stronghold of Deccan control of the Nizam family that was established by Asaf Jah .
The town is constructed on the south shore of the Musi river. The city walls form an inverted triangle. Their construction was begun by the last Mugalid ruler Mubaliz Khan and completed by Nizam ul-Mulk. Buildings dating back to the Qutb Shah period include Chahar Minar at the crossing of the centre of Hyderabad, Jama Masjid at its north-east built in 1597, a hospital（Dar al-Shifa）is situated to the northeast of Jama Masjid and Mecca Masjid, whose construction started in 1614 and was completed by the Mugalid emperor Aurangzeb, located to the south-east of Chahar Minar. In the Qutb Shah period, there were no city walls in Hyderabad. A bridge called Purana Pula was built where a road from Golconda in the west area meets the Musi river, and if one follows the road to the east, one can reach Chahar Minar. The northwest area of Chahar Minar became a palace complex where many palace buildings and gardens could be seen, but currently there is no trace of them. (Naoko Fukami)
SECUNDERABAD: In 1798, a subsidiary alliance for military and political cooperation was signed between the Nizam and the British East India company. There after an area north of what is now the Hussain Sagar was established as a cantonment. The area was named Secunderabad after the then Nizam, Sikander Jah.
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