1954 Maha Kubha Mela Rare Photos. Kumbha Mela origin is found in one of the most popular medieval puranas, the Bhagavata Purana. In this purana the churning of the ocean of milk (Samudra manthan), is mentioned in the Bhagavata Purana, Vishnu Purana, the Mahabharata, and the Ramayana.
To regain strength by the curse of Durväsä Muni, demigods approached Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva. Lord Brahma and Lord Shiva directed those demigods to Supreme Personality of Godhead, Lord Vishnu.
Demigods starts praying Lord Vishnu. He instructed them to churn the ocean of milk Ksheera Sagara (primordial ocean of milk) to receive amrita (the nectar of immortality). This required them to make a temporary agreement with their arch enemies, the demons or Asuras, to work together with a promise of sharing the wealth equally thereafter. However, when the Kumbha (urn) containing the amrita appeared, a fight ensued. For twelve days and twelve nights (equivalent to twelve human years) the gods and demons fought in the sky for the pot of amrita. It is believed that during the battle, Lord Vishnu (incarnated as Mohini-Mürti) flew away with the Kumbha of elixir spilling drops of amrita at four places: Allahabad, Haridwar, Ujjain and Nashik.
The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River and the mythical Sarasvati River, where devotees perform rituals. Kumbh Mela is celebrated at different locations depending on the position of the planet of Bṛhaspati (Jupiter) and the sun. When Jupiter and the sun are in the zodiac sign Leo (Simha Rashi) it is held in Trimbakeshwar, Nashik; when the sun is in Aries (Mesha Rashi) it is celebrated at Haridwar; when Jupiter is in Taurus (Vrishabha Rashi ) and the sun is in Capricorn (Makar Rashi) Kumbha Mela is celebrated at Prayag; and Jupiter and the sun are in Scorpio (Vrishchik Rashi) the Mela is celebrated at Ujjain. Each site’s celebration dates are calculated in advance according to a special combination of zodiacal positions of Sun, Moon, and Jupiter.
Kumbh Mela is organized every three years on a rotation basis of Allahabad, Nashik or Nasik, Haridwar and Ujjain.
Kumbha Mela: Held at all four places.
Ardha Kumbha Mela: Held at Haridwar and Prayaga (Allahabad), every 6 years.
Purna Kumbha Mela: Held only at Prayaga, every 12 years.
Maha Kumbha Mela: Held only at Prayaga, every 144 years.
I had collected some rare kumbha mela photos held on 1954… see below: